Why Does Hebrews 10:5 Change “Ears” to “Body” in Psalm 40:6?-2


[Music] why does Hebrews 10 5 change ears to body in Psalm 44 6 why did the writer of
Hebrews change the word ears to body when he was quoting Psalms 40 verse 6 where it says in the NASB Bible this is
the Christian new American Standard Bible that I usually read when I'm reading the Christian Bible Psalms 44 6
is to sacrifice a meal offering you have not desired but my ears you have opened burnt offerings and sin offering you
have not required it has changed the ears are changed to body when we see it quoted in Hebrews chapter 10 verse 5
therefore when he comes into the world he says sacrifice and offering you have not desired but a body you prepared for
me inho burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin you have taken no pleasure that's Hebrews 10 5 through 6 so have
you noticed the change in the Old Testament it says you're my ears you have opened in the New Testament it says
a body you prepared for me the claim of the Jewish rabbis is that Christianity has distorted the message of Judaism
this is another episode in our series where we are discussing is Christianity the Mormonism of Judaism and just like
Mormonism distorts the teachings of Christianity when it distorts the gospel and says that we have to do a bunch of
works and temple rituals in order to be forgiven and to receive salvation from God so Judaism claims that Christianity
has distorted the core message of Judaism by teaching that we need a sacrifice for sin and that that
sacrifice is paid for by Christ so today we're going to be talking about the concept of vicarious atonement what is
vicarious atonement vicarious atonement is the belief that somebody innocent could take the place of somebody who is
guilty so in other words if I wanted to have my sins forgiven in the Christian concept
vicarious atonement we had we come to Jesus we confess our sins and Jesus forgives our sin because he paid the
price for our sin as an innocent lamb of God he paid the sacrificial price for our sin on the cross so that we could be
forgiven and go free that's the concept of vicarious atonement that somebody innocent takes the place of somebody
guilty and that is the concept that is taught in Hebrews chapter 10 where it quotes these passages of the Old
Testaments particularly Psalm 40 verse 6 about the blood of bulls and of goats it's impossible to take away sin and it
says sacrifice and offering you have not desired where Psalms 40 verse 6 is my ears you have opened to do God's will
the passage in Hebrews says but a body you prepared for me so we're discussing this concept did the Hebrews writer miss
translate or misquote that passage in Psalms when he wrote a body you prepared for me was that miss quoted in Hebrews
and was it a mistranslation in the Greek Septuagint Greek translation of this Old Testament because the Septuagint reads
exactly the same way we're going to discuss that today but to begin our discussion of this topic I feel it's
very important that we understand the jury system of sacrifices and understand how sins were forgiven under the Old
Covenant the old law what could be covered by a sacrifice and what could not be covered by a sacrifice let's
listen in as the rabbi we have been featuring in a lumber of our videos let's listen as he describes the
different types of sacrificial offerings in the Old Covenant found in the Old Testament so what is a guilt offering
how is it different than a sin offering and why would it be so valuable here in this passage the answer is simple again
a sin offering Leviticus 4 is for sins committed unintentionally accidentally recklessly people make mistakes with
creatures their habit and we're not thinking properly and therefore we make mistakes but they're
not not intentional what is a guilt or friend listen up guys I won't tell you all this so if you read
through Leviticus five you'll notice that that what we what comes into view is a person a whole series of sins where
he may have sinned intentionally or or unintentionally it makes no difference the Torah says that what happened is
such a person comes and he decides his he decides to confess decides to confess and stand before the court and say I
sinned I stole it he he's not caught he got away with it but he confesses it so what
is the Torah say Torah says this is a very special case because the person had confessor sin although initially it
might have been intentional there's a whole different ones but let's just take the worst scenario it was completely
intentional because although the initial action was completely it was intentional deliberate with with with the intent of
of robbing or it was sinning but at some stage this person confesses their sin and they didn't need to they got away
with it so Hashem considers is such a great act such a great act but now that it's only a guilt and they could bring a
sacrifice for it which means the the the the weight of the sin retroactive Lee has been lifted
because what happens if you steal and you and you get caught we can go to Exodus for that if you get caught if you
steal and don't confess but you actually get caught you have to pay twice double in a case of a large rental you may have
to pay four or five hundred there's no sacrifice for you sacrifices don't work if you get caught sacrifice had only
done whatever we say for the weakest from sin in this case is a very interesting orientation here here we
have a sin where it began as a full bones but the act of confession of repentance
and remorse has now weakened the force of the sin now that you are making your soul in Assam offering a guilt offering
you can bring a carbon I shall make a guilt sacrifice okay we just saw the video from this rabbi explaining the two
types of sacrifices that were offered in the temple for sins some chapter 40 verse 6 in the Christian Bible or some
40 verse 7 in the Jewish Bible it reads in the Christian Bible sacrifice a meal offering you have not desired my ears
you have opened burnt offering instant offering you have not required now the context so David wrote this particular
song about Safra sacrifice and offering not being required is in the context of his experience with Nathan the Prophet
confronting him about his sin with Bathsheba if you remember in second Samuel Chapter 12 we read about how
Nathan came to David and told him a story about a man who had only one sheep and that sheep was so precious to him
that he would sleep with that sheep and he would he would take such great pleasure in the Sheep and then the rich
man he did he had plenty of sheep but instead of sacrificing one of his sheep for his guests he took the poor man's
sheep now this really resonated with David when he thought about this man having one sheep and the only sheep he
had and David was a shepherd you might remember that and so when Nathan told him this story David became irate and he
says well that man who took that only sheep that rich man he took the only sheep of that poor man he deserves to
die it says in 2nd samuel chapter 12 verse 5 then David's anger burned greatly against that man and he said to
Nathan as the Lord lives surely the man who has done this deserves to die now if you remember
Nathan came to David to confront him about his sin with Bathsheba bathsheba if you remember was the wife of Uriah
who was a valiant soldier in David's army and when Uriah was out fighting the battles for David David saw Bathsheba
bathing on the rooftop and decided he wanted to have her over for the night and she sent a message a few weeks later
telling David hey I'm pregnant so what did David do he had committed adultery with Uriah's wife now David had plenty
of wives had plenty of concubines and there was no reason he needed to sleep with Uriah's one and only wife so Nathan
told the story about the Sheep to remind to to help David see the connection of what he has done to Uriah so to cover up
his sin with Uriah's wife his sin of adultery David then tried to get Uriah to come home from battle and to sleep
with his wife so that this child that was going to be born would be seen by the everyone around as oh well that's
your ayahs child but it didn't work your Raya refused to to be at home with his wife and to spend the night with her
he stayed on the doorstep of his house because he's like why should I have pleasure with my wife when when the
battle was raging and and my brother's out there in the in the war are fighting so he refused to sleep with his wife so
now David is caught with a problem he's trying to cover up his adultery which by the way under the Old Testament law a
person who commits adultery would be punished by death if he's convicted it reads in the Leviticus chapter 20 verse
10 if there is a man who commits adultery with another man's wife one who commits adultery with his friend
wife the adulterer and the adulteress shall surely be put to death so according to the Jewish Levitical law
david had committed a punishment worthy of death by taking Uriah's wife and sleeping with her by committing adultery
with her and if you look back also at Ezekiel 18 we read in verse 4 behold all souls are mine the soul who sins will
die verse 5 but if a man is righteous and practices justice and righteousness and does not eat at the mountain shrines
or lift up his eyes to idols ok don't commit idolatry of the house of Israel or defile his neighbor's wife and then
he has a bunch of other sins he must not do okay that's in verse 6 let me go down to verse 9 if he walks in my statues in
my ordinances and deals faithfully he is righteous and shall surely live declares the Lord God but what did David do he
did one of these sins of his ETO 18 he defiled his neighbor's wife so it says you know all souls who sin are worth he
of death but they'll be able to live if they don't commit one of these sins in this list of Ezekiel 18 David committed
adultery he was worthy of death if he was found guilty under a court of law so what did David do David tried to hide
his sin and to hide his sin he had Uriah the Hittite killed in battle Araya was killed so that he could then marry
bathsheba take him as another wife in his palace and then when she would have the baby people would not know about his
adultery and they would think oh well this is just the child that David had because of you know marrying this
widowed wife of Uriah so David was not caught was he he he thought he got away for this he thought nobody knew about it
and so instead of coming forward with his guilt and his sin before God he tried to conceal it with yet another sin
which according to the Jewish law if you kill somebody you you yourself this adultery is worthy of death but if you
shed man's blood you should die that's another law we read that in Genesis chapter 9 verse 6 whoever sheds man's
blood by man his blood shall be shed for in the image of God he made man so David was under double condemnation of death
with not just his acts with Uriah's wife of adultery he was under the condemnation of death because he
murdered Uriah you can imagine this was very displeasing in God's eyes and so when we
get here to 2nd samuel chapter 12 when Nathan comes to David and tells him the story about this man who had one only
sheep David became angry is that all that man deserves to die now what's the rule in the Levitical law if you stole
something from someone you would pay double that's what the rabbi just explained so if David was you know just
for stealing okay this man who took the other man's sheep David's anger being such that all that man shall die I mean
he took it to a higher level than even the court of the land the lid of a Levitical law would have had him take it
he would have said no you have to restore double so give that poor man two sheep to replace the Sheep he lost I
mean that would have been the live a vehicle law requirement for him but instead David in anger said no that man
deserves his I that man deserves to die who had done this okay let me get down to verse six of second Samuel Chapter
twelve he must May restitution for the lamb for full because he did this thing and had no
compassion okay so that was that was David's response of course it was just a story but in David's eyes no it was a
real situation then Nathan said to David you are the man that says the Lord God of Israel it is I who anointed you king
over Israel and his I who delivered you from the hand of Saul okay so this is the background what David is confronted
by Nathan and this is the background that provides the situation the story here in Psalm 40 where we read sacrifice
a meal offering you have not desired my ears you have opened David was confronted by Nathan the Prophet and he
had not brought a sacrifice a guilt offering under the Levitical law under the Old Testament law was a was David
able to bring a guilt offering at this point to be able to pay for his sin he was caught he had been caught by Nathan
the prophet who confronted him it was just like in a court of law he was now standing before the judge of
all the earth God himself with Nathan the prosecuting attorney bringing this to his attention and what was David
going to do could a guilt offering provide the payment for his sin not according to the Levitical law under the
Levitical law there was no provision for a guilt offering to be able to cover the sins of someone who had committed the
level of wickedness that David and Bathsheba had committed in their adultery and that David had committed in
his murder of Uriah there was no guilt sacrifice there was no provision for forgiveness under the Levitical law so
this is why David said in Psalm 51 16 for you do not delight in sacrifice otherwise I would give it you are not
pleased with burnt offering there was literally no way that David could have been forgiven with the Levitical law if
he could have brought any type of guilt offering he still would have been held liable for the consequences of murder
which prescribed death so he had no option under the Old Covenant this was the extent of the Old Covenant
it had its limitation and David had reached those limitations and had found no way through the Levitical system to
be forgiven so this is the context of Psalm 40 verse 6 where we read sacrifice and meal offering you have not desired
my ears you have opened burnt offering and sin offering you have not required because there was no way for those sin
offerings or which were up for unintentional sins or those Gill offerings those burnt offerings could
not cover for the seriousness of Davidson and that is why David could not be forgiven under the Levitical law so
that is the context of Psalm 40 verse 6 now let's listen as the rabbi talks about this situation and spins the story
of David with Bathsheba and the story of Nathan the prophet confronting him to try to say that Oh sacrifice is not
accepted so therefore the Christian concept of Jesus being a vicarious atonement being a substitutionary
sacrifice in our place he claims it's not valid he's spinning the story here in 2nd Samuel 12 I want you to see what
this rabbi says and how he twists the story to try to teach the Jewish position that they hold to today that
sacrifice for sin is not necessary for intentional sin and so by doing that they have discounted the rest of the
passage and second Samuel so let's look at this video and then we're gonna come back to
second Samuel covered was an amazing person not because he was perfect but David said two words in Hebrew hot hace
la Shem I have sinned before the Lord so what he said no but not however he confessed his sin on the spot Nathan was
a prophet of our Shem and he saw the heart of David and he knew that Dave was truly was contrite and David really had
repented of what he had done and he said to David how could I the Almighty has already forgiven you okay as you can
imagine this was an epic event in David's life it affected him deeply and it affected his relationship with Hashem
and his understanding of sinan atonement and as you could see around you many people under the apprehension that it
requires all kinds of blood sacrifices and Sydnor fingers oh and this is what it told to me that means the general
conduit to expiate iniquity his blood blood sacrifices in and that's what it's home this is a very very big mistake now
it's beyond the scope but why are the blood sacrifices they really for unintentional sins but this is not what
God is looking for so sound 47 in a Jewish Bible Psalm 40 verse 6 in a Christian Bible and King David as he
would say many many times dove 'add a blessed memory said Zeva whom in her life her fats the sacrifices
and offerings you meaning God did not desire Oz nyan curry silly however my ears you have opened for me are you know
the Hutus lie shelter burnt offerings and sin offerings you have not requested he did not want reads Jeremiah 7 verse
21 20 20 to 30 when when you were not a vegetarian commander sacrifices the point is everyone all the
profits scream this you got it wrong dude emphasis has been totally misplaced now if you're faithful and godly so then
there is a sacrifice of righteousness but this is all totally miss famous place amusing the rituals will save you
a live eSATA burnt offerings and sin offerings like Alto you didn't ask for it that's what I mean no you're probably
saying to yourself this is a disaster for the church this is one passage that the church probably does not want you to
study very carefully one because in churches all they teach about from the minute you walk into the menu walkout is
in a the blood and you need a sacrifice and where is the shed blood and Jesus says you shed blood and he died for your
sins and without the shedding of blood all this are not enough didn't as it turns out this passage in Psalm 40 verse
6 is quoted in the Christian Bible Hebrews 10 5 there's a cross reference back to Psalm 40 verse 7 and he'll then
say well let's say our Hebrews halted why in the world with the author of Hebrews they become such a passage that
seems to discredit all of Christian theology so if you open up Hebrews chapter 10 verse 5 the passage reads the
following therefore when Christ came he came into the world and he said sacrifices and offerings you did not
desire but a body you have prepared for me with burnt offerings and sin offerings you did not want to you were
not pleased I'm not kidding the text says sacrifice in the Christian Bible in Hebrews 10 5 sacrifices in order he
didn't want and somehow Jesus said this but a body a body you prepared to me now I hope you're paying attention because
you go body like hold on go back here to the my Christian Bible and the other side doesn't say buddy it
says my ears that means the author of the book of Hebrews changed the Jewish Scriptures
King David said sacrifice and offerings in desire but my ears you up and mean to hear your word burnt offerings and sin
offerings you never required he never requested and wanted Hebrews are worth of the believers do he put it the word
body said it is had he changed the word of us Jim what does it say that now I would a provide also a context of why
Hebrews did this though although Hebrews changed the text what it says in song and put it in the Book of Psalms and
instead put in a a whirling sounds very question a body have a sacrifice and now it really works Cristo logically it
sounds great sacrifices offer you didn't want meaning that you didn't award the animal sacrificial system and the point
at Hebrews here and in Hebrews actually can swing it back to chapter 7 a knowing tell all of it's about as Jesus is
replacing the priesthood in fact the animal sacrificial system never really intrinsically worked so why would we
have it all together what was the purpose of it so the basic theme of Hebrews is and everything you find in
the Old Testament in the Jewish Scriptures this is really a foreshadowing of Christ
well you just saw what the rabbi had to say about this passage being quoted in Hebrews chapter 10 he essentially is
saying that not only does he believe Hebrews misquote Psalms 40 verse 6 but then he says it's miss applied in other
words he teaches that the Christian concept of vicarious atonement where Christ the innocent takes the place of
the guilty he says that that is a misapplication that that is not the understanding of the Old Testament but
let's look at this passage again in Psalms 40 let's look at the passage that formed the basis of David's
understanding of atonement for sin let's look back at 2nd Samuel chapter 12 and I want to pick up where we left off
remember the rabbi he jumped down to verse 13 in the passage where Nathan David said to Nathan I have sinned
against the Lord and Nathan said to David the Lord has taken away your sin you shall not die and he stopped there
he did not read the rest of the passage nor did he read the verses in front of that verse that gives us a context by
which Nathan was able to say to David you will not die keep in mind what we just learned about the different kinds
of atonement in the Old Testament the only way that a sin guilt offering could be offered as if the person comes
forward and confesses prior to the court case being discovered and exposed so if he waits till after the court how he
comes before the court knee he hasn't had a guilt offering brought he then has to pay the full price of the law the
full extent of the law for the sin that he has committed so we just studied that and we stopped right at the point here
in 2nd samuel chapter 12 and we were reading this incident with david and bathsheba
we stopped at the point where nathan is confronting him and let's pick up at verse
nine where it says where Nathan says to David why have you displeased the Lord by doing evil in his sight you have
struck down Uriah the Hittite with a sword and have taken his wife to be your wife and have killed him with the sword
of the sons of Amon ok so Nathan's confronting him in and then verse 10 he says now therefore here's the
consequence now therefore the sword shall never depart from your house because you have despised me and have
taken the wife of Uriah the Hittite to be your wife ok so what has David done he took the wife of Uriah he essentially
stole from your riot and therefore the consequence of stealing God says the sword will never depart from David's
house that meant that David was going to lose some of his family members to the sword just like he delivered Uriah to
the sword of the Ammon now David is going to experience the same kind of judgment in his household where his
family is going to experience death by the sword now let's go on verse 11 the judgment continues from God verse 11
Nathan says thus says the Lord behold I will raise up evil against you from your own household I will even take your
wives before your eyes and give them to your companion and he will lie with your wives in broad daylight
verse 11 so so what did he just say so David took the wife of Uriah now what is God going to do God is going to take it
says I will even take your wives plural before your eyes so here's the here's again the judgment that we see laid out
in the Old Testament if you steal something you have to pay double that's what this rabbi that we've been watching
has explained and what is David going to do he's going to lose his wives several of his wives
stealing Uriah the Hittite wife now we continue on verse 12 indeed you did it secretly but I will do
this thing before all Israel under the Sun and verse 13 then David said to Nathan that now we come to that verse
where David repents okay then David said to Nathan I have sinned against the Lord and Nathan said to
David the Lord also has taken away your sin you shall not die now this is the first that's quoted by the rabbi and
based on this verse the rabbi says okay Psalm 40 verse 6 says God doesn't require sacrifices because David
understood all he had to do was repent and he was forgiven but he didn't read the rest of the passage okay he didn't
read the verses preceding this verse that showed that David still had to suffer the consequences of his action he
didn't read the verses proceeding to this verse 13 where david has his sin taken away by the lord he doesn't read
the verses preceding that that said well the consequences are the sword will not depart from your house you're gonna lose
several of your family members because what David had done was worthy of death so now he's going to be losing family
members to the very sword that he delivered Uriah to and he's going to have to pay double for the thief the
stealing of Uriah's wife because he's gonna lose several of his cut his companions his very wives are going to
be giving away to his companion and so then now we come to this verse 13 where David says I've sinned and Nathan says
the Lord has taken away your sin however verse 14 this is the part he didn't read verse 14 however because by this deed
you have given occasion to the enemies of the Lord to blaspheme the child also that is born to you will surely die did
you catch that because of this deed okay however okay the Lord's forgiven you you're not going to die how
ever because of this D that child also that is born to you shall surely die did you catch that what did the rabbi tell
you about this passage in the Old Testament he said well all David did was repent and God forgave him but it wasn't
without a cost this innocent child had to die restitution still had to be made in
order for the process of reconciliation to take place David still had to suffer the consequences of his actions a life
for life still had to be given David had taken a man's life and the consequences resulted in not only several family
members dying but the death of his innocent child life for life retribution has to take place in order for full
reconciliation there has to be a writing of the wrongs committed and so that's why this innocent child had to die now
you might be asking the question how can a righteous God require the death of an innocent child on account of someone
else who had committed the sin I mean why would God why the death of a child when it was the father who sinned well
let's go back to some examples here in the Old Testament we see examples where sin of a father affects the life of
those around him if Flex's directly affects his family and the life of those around him an example of this would be
akin in Joshua chapter 7 when the Israelites were going into the land to possess it and they came up against the
city of AI and they were going to fight ai and 36 men died fell before AI and ezreal was like what happened why isn't
God with us and it was revealed to them that there was sin in the camp so through the process of seeking
the Lord they found out that akin had taken something under the ban that he was not supposed to take something God
commanded him not to take at the last city that they had come up against because akin had taken something under
the ban Israel had suffer the loss of that battle that initial battle against AI with 36 men dying so you see the sin
of akin directly affected his brothers in Israel with several people dying because of his sin of of taking
something that God told him told Israel not to take and then we read the consequences of that action it says in
verse 24 then Joshua and all Israel with him took a kin the son of Zahra the silver the mantle the bar of gold his
sons his daughters his oxen his donkeys his sheep his tent and all that belonged to him and they brought them up to the
valley of a car and you read on it says that God commanded them to to be stoned and then after they were stoned they
were burned everything that belonged to akin was burnt and then they raised a big heap of stones that served as a
monument to the day of this writing here in Joshua so God required the death of not just the father who had done the sin
but his sons his daughters even his oxen his donkeys and we not only in that example do we see the innocent being
taken along with the guilty when it's directly related to a you know a family that had sinned or Israel suffering
those consequences because it was there was sin in the camp through akin but we also see when God commanded Israel to go
into the land of the Canaanites he often told them to not spare anyone not even the babies it says here in force and a
15-3 now go and strike emilich and utterly destroy all that he had and do not spare him but put to death
both man and woman child and infant ox and sheep camel and donkey so again here we see the seriousness of sin is so
great that when God brings judgment it often transpires on to the people around the individual that had committed
that sin and so this is what we see even to this day when God brings judgment on a nation both the righteous and the
wicked suffer with that judgment but God is just to do this why because not even infants are without the stain of sin
david says in psalm 51 where he writes about his incident this this incident of how he discovered the forgiveness of God
he says in Psalms 51 behold I was brought forth in iniquity and in sin my mother conceived me that's at verse 5 so
even in the very conception children bear the consequence of having us in nature and so that is why even infants
are guilty of having that sin nature even though they haven't committed a sin yet in their life they have that sin
nature and therefore God is just to require even the the death of infants and children and babies when he's
bringing judgment against a family because of the sin of the Father or the sin of of the nation in the case of
Emelec we have to remember that God sees much more than we do and it's easy to look at in incidents like this and go
well how could God be just too to require this of innocent children and we have to remember that for us we still
see this life but for God he sees the next life and the next life is eternal and David had this hope that even though
his innocent child his infant child died because of his sin yet he said he may not come to me but I can go
to see him he had this hope of Resurrection he had this hope that once when he would die he
would go to see the child that the child would be safe at the Lord in his justice and in His mercy would save the soul of
that child and so David believed in the forgiveness of God and in the atonement that he offered for sin because God said
in verse 13 I have taken away your iniquity and saying that he had taken away David's iniquity he was showing
that that God himself was going to pay the price and therefore God was going to be the one that would carry that
iniquity away from the David and that is the basis by which God was able to forgive so David had the hope of seeing
his child again in the resurrection and that is the hope that we all have in Christ that even when we sin even as
Christians we believe Jesus died for our sins and paid the price so that we could be forgiven of God but even then we
still suffer the consequences of our sins and our actions and those consequences can be severe at times but
it is the necessary process that God has designed both in the Old Covenant and in the New Covenant to bring about
reconciliation and this is why Jesus says in Matthew 5 if you have something against your brother leave your gift at
the altar first be reconciled to your brother then you can come and offer your gift and that is again the idea that we
see here in 2nd Samuel that God was requiring payment and and the payment that was ultimately paid for in Christ
so that David could be forgiven he still had to suffer the immediate consequences the immediate retribution that had to be
done in order for reconcile to take place and in this case it costs the death of his innocent child but it
wasn't the end because David knew that someday he would see his son again now before you turn to our text here in
Psalm 40 verse 6 I need to say something about vicarious atonement because the rabbi in several of his videos he tries
to liken the Christian concept of vicarious atonement to pagan sacrifices where in the pagan cultures they would
offer innocent infants or virgins on their altar of sacrifice and they would think that in some way those innocent
offerings would somehow atone for their sin and the rabbi likes to draw parallels to that concept in the pagan
culture and say Christianity just borrowed that concept when it came up with the idea of the Lamb of God Yeshua
Jesus being our Messiah being the innocent Lamb who takes the sins away the sins of the world he tries to say
that that concept is a concept right out of paganism and nothing could be farther from the truth
there is absolutely no parallel between the pagan sacrifice of infants and the Christian concept of Yeshua our Messiah
Jesus Christ the Son of God taking the sins of the world on himself why for the simple reason that in the Old Testament
the very passage that we're looking at here for Psalm 40 it comes from the second samuel passage 2nd samuel 12 and
we read in verse 13 when god forgave david what did he say then David said to Nathan I have sinned against the Lord
and Nathan said to David the Lord also has taken away your sin you shall not die did you see that did you see that in
this verse the Lord has taken away your sin the reason the pagans ideas of killing
innocent victims for the wicked people is not at all parallel with Christianity is because God himself takes on flesh in
the person of Jesus Christ to take away the sins of the world it's God who is taking those sins away just as he said
to David the Lord has taken away your sin and you know what that that phraseology that the Lord used about
taking away his sin was the idea that we see right out of the Old Covenant Old Testament idea of the scapegoat because
in the Old Testament we read here in the Levitical law in chapter 16 when they were offering sacrifices for sin there
would be two goats one goat would become the sacrifice one goat would pay for those sins of the people through its
death and the second go would become what they called the scapegoat and what they would do is they would lay their
hands on these goats and this the the goat that would pay for the sin and die there would be another goat that second
goat would then be sent out into the wilderness to illustrate the removing of the sin from the people to the goat into
the wilderness to take away those sins from the people that was the Old Testament picture in the Old Covenant in
the law of sacrifices that God used to show how the sins were removed from the people through these these two goats the
one that would pay for the sin and the other goat that would go into the wilderness as a scapegoat to remove
those sins now it was just a picture it didn't literally happen they couldn't possibly take away the sins through the
goats because as Hebrews brings out in this in this very chapter of Hebrews chapter 10 those sins still remain there
is still consciousness of sins the people even though they sacrifice countless number of animals those
animals could never fully take away sin but when the Lord takes away sin by taking those sins upon himself as he
says here in 2nd Samuel the Lord also has taken away your sins those sins that we have committed were transferred to
the body of Jesus and he paid for those sins and in that sense he became our sin offering and our scapegoat he took those
sins away and that's how God could say to David picturing what Jesus was going to do what the Messiah was going to do
when he came the Lord Himself would take away those sins and so here we see a stark contrast between the pagan concept
of what the rabbi would call vicarious atonement in the pagan culture it was really just a perversion of sacrifices
of innocent people which could never take away sin people cannot as it says in in Psalm 49 verse 7 it says no man
can by any means redeem his brother or give to God a ransom for him so that pagans culture of taken innocent life
for the guilty is not it all remotely similar to the Christian view of God himself in the person of Jesus Christ
taken on the sins of the world this is the the Bible is very clear Psalm 49 7 that a man a human that is you know not
God himself it just a mere human could not pay the price for sin because humans are born in sin as we just saw in Psalms
51 verse 5 David said and sin were conceived so our sin nature prevents us from being
able to be a perfect sacrifice that is needed to take away sin so even innocent babies are not perfect
because they have a sin nature the pagan concept of sacrificing infants is a perversion of the Christian view the
Christian view is that God himself it takes someone who is beyond they just the standard human he
had to be you know superhuman if you will he had to be God and man in order to take away the sins of the world he
could not be just a human who obviously born in sin because Jesus was not born in sin he was born from the seed of God
and the woman so he was born without a sin nature and that is how Yeshua our Messiah could become the sin offering
and take upon the sins of the world and we see this also in the very passage that we're studying Psalms 40 verse 6 it
says sacrifice a meal offering you have not desired that word for desired another word or another translation of
it is is pleased you are not pleased with these sacrifices but we come over here to Isaiah and we read in Isaiah 53
a sacrifice that God is pleased with that God has desired and it says here in Isaiah 53 verse 10 reading the Jewish
Bible and the Lord wished to crush him to crush this servant the Lord wished that word wished is the very word that
is used in Psalms 44 6 for you have not desired these sacrifices it says here in verse 10 of Isaiah 53 it was the Lord's
wish to crush him that word desired is the very same word here where it says you have not desired
here it says God does desire to crush him or the Lord's wished to crush him if the Lord was pleased to crush him so
this is an interesting parallel because in the very passage that the rabba is trying to use against the Christian view
a vicarious atonement in which Christ takes on the sins of the world and and becomes a sin-offering being the
innocent lamb of God because he comes out of God is indeed the son of God here we see that this is a sacrifice
that God is pleased with herein in verse 10 of Isaiah 53 when he's not pleased with the sacrifices of Psalm 40 verse 6
where they're just animal sacrifices that cannot take away sin and let's read on in verse 10 of Isaiah 53 it says and
the Lord wished to crush him he made him ill if his soul makes itself restitution again I'm reading the Jewish Bible and
says if his soul makes itself restitution another word for that is a Shem that the Hebrew word is if his soul
makes a guilt offering is how most Christian translations read so making itself restitution another word for that
is guilt offering it's it's the idea of the very sacrifice being made by this servant that becomes the guilt offering
for sin in other words this is how God is able to say to David in second Samuel Chapter twelve thirteen the Lord has
taken away your iniquity this is how the Lord is able to take away iniquity and how he's able to become if you will the
scapegoat because well the son of God pays for the sin the Lord is able to take those sins away carry those sins
away from David and from all of us who have put our faith in Jesus Christ and it's with that context as a background
that the writer of Hebrews in Hebrews chapter 10 looks back at psalm 40 verse 6 and says sacrifice a meal offering you
have not desired but a body you prepared for me and what is this phrase in psalms 40 verse 6 my ears you have opened or my
ears you have dug out the translators of the Septuagint when they read this passage in Psalms 40 verse 6 my ears you
have dug out they thought of your piercing what happened when a slave under the Old
Covenant if he desired to remain with his master we read over here in Exodus chapter 21 in Exodus chapter 21 if first
beginning of verse 2 if you by a Hebrew slave he shall serve for six years but on the seventh he shall go free he shall
go out as a free man without payment ok so you can only have a slave for seven years unless there was a provision verse
five but if the slave plainly says I love my master my wife and my children I will not go out as a free man you get
down to verse six of Exodus chapter 21 it says then his masters shall bring him to God then he shall bring him to the
door or the doorpost and his master shall pierce his ear with an awl and he shall serve Him permanently so what is
this passage in the Exodus chapter 21 communicating to us about a slave who has his ears dug out or pierced it was a
person who said to his master I love you so much I'm going to give you my all my whole life is yours my body is yours
he had his ears pierced so that he would never go free he would stay a servant of his master for the rest of his life and
I suggest to you that that's the concept that is being portrayed here in Psalms 40 verse 6 where we read in the Old
Testament my ears you have dug out or my ears you have opened essentially the translators of the Septuagint Greek
translation of the Old Testament when they got to this verse and saw my ears you have dug out literally my ears you
have open literally my ears if you have dug out they saw ears piercing as a picture of a servant
who has devoted his whole body to the master as a as a servant for life so therefore when they got to this
passage instead of saying my ears you have dug out they said a body you have prepared for me to carry the idea of
that Old Testament passage in Exodus 21 where a servant could have his ears pierced to indicate a whole body
sacrifice of service for his whole life and that is what David was essentially doing when he said sacrifice a meal
offering you have not desired Here I am here's here's my ears have you opened my ears have you dug out my ears have you
Piersol that I myself if you will and now your servant for the rest of my life okay that's the idea that David is
communicating here in Psalms 40 verse 6 that the translators of the Septuagint understood when they set a body instead
of ears they translated the ears you have dug out as a body you've prepared for me and we get this quoted in Hebrews
chapter 10 beginning at verse 4 for it is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins verse 5
therefore when he comes into the world speaking of Christ he says and this is where Hebrew says this is where like
Christ like Christ may have quoted this that they're saying Christ basically said the sacrifice and offering you have
not desired but a body you have prepared for me verse 6 in whole burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin you have taken no
pleasure verse 7 then I said Behold I have come in the scroll of the book it is written of me to do your Will O God
so there you go this is the context of Hebrews chapter 10 quoting Psalm 40 and applying it to Jesus Christ and saying
just like David who offered his body as a sacrifice to God so Jesus Christ the future son of David
the the the future son who would become a king and who would die for the nation of Israel that future son would then
become the sacrifice the sacrificial payment and he would then become that guilt offering who would take away since
and we read over here in Isaiah chapter 53 and I'm gonna read this from the Jewish Bible at chabad.org beginning at
verse 10 it says and the Lord wished to cross him and he made him ill if his soul makes itself restitution now the
idea of his soul makes itself restitution this is the idea of a guilt offering if he makes his soul an
offering for sin that's how the Christian Bibles read if he his soul makes itself restitution it says he
shall see children he shall prolong his days and God's purpose shall prophesy prosper in his hands so Jesus was
resurrected to life because he made his soul as sin offering and when he resurrected he then became the father of
many children sons of God adopt two children spiritual children then verse 11 of Isaiah 53 from the toil of his
soul he would see he would be satisfied with his not my servant would vindicate the just for the many the righteous for
the many he was righteous and he paid the price for many and it says and their iniquities he would bear that's verse 11
Jewish Bible and then verse 12 therefore I will allot him a portion in public and with the strong he shall share plunder
because he poured out his soul to death he poured out his soul to death Jesus the Messiah our Messiah Yeshua
HaMashiach he poured out his soul to death and with transgressors he was counted and he bore the sin of many okay
because he became a guilt offering verse 10 that's a guilt offering so in verse 12 he bore the sins of many and
interceded for the transgressors Jesus became the intercessor because he bore our sins and that is the concept that is
portrayed here in these passages here in Isaiah 53 in Psalm 40 verse 6 we read that the story behind that second samuel
chapter 12 David saw an immediate picture the very son of God would die as Isaiah
53 prophesied so that he would then would pay the penalty he would come his body would be prepared to pay the
penalty the price for sin and that is the picture we seen in in the Old Testament that Hebrews picks up on in
chapter 10 ties these passages together to show us why our sins could not be paid for by a regular sin offering
but Jesus the Messiah became that guilt offering for us that if we confess our sins as it says in first John 1:9 if we
confess our sins before the judgment before we die after is point unto men Hebrews 9:27 once to die and after that
the judgment so if you wait till you die till after you die to light you're at the judgment seat you're gonna have to
pay pay the eternal penalty for your sins but if you come beforehand first John 1:9
if you confess your sins then the guilt offering of Christ done in your place can then be applied to your account and
that's the beautiful picture of vicarious atonement we see in the Old Testament foretold and pictured in the
story of David in in then brought forth here in Hebrews chapter 10 speaking of how the Messiah fulfilled that and the
Messiah as prophesied in Isaiah 53 bore the sins of many he made his sole restitution in other words he made his
soul a guilt offering and then has become our intercessor he intercedes for us before God so that we now can go
before the judgment seat of God after we die and face forgiveness of sins can be granted to us we don't have to face the
eternal penalty because Christ took our place Christ was the substitutionary penalty for in our place as a guilt
offering if we pray and receive him as our Savior and Lord so I hope you enjoy this video that helps you understand I
hope it helps you understand these concepts clearer Hebrews did not quote Psalm 40 verse six when it changed
a year's dugout for a body prepared for service that's the idea that was being kicked carried in psalm 40 verse 6 that
the Septuagint translators understood when they translated it a body you've prepared for me quoted in Hebrews
chapter 10 verse 5 [Music] [Music]
[Music] you [Music]

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