Why Does Hebrews 10:5 Change “Ears” to “Body” in Psalm 40:6?-2

https://youtu.be/rq3fK_RyaBU

[Music] why does Hebrews 10 5 change ears to body in Psalm 44 6 why did the writer of
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Hebrews change the word ears to body when he was quoting Psalms 40 verse 6 where it says in the NASB Bible this is
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the Christian new American Standard Bible that I usually read when I'm reading the Christian Bible Psalms 44 6
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is to sacrifice a meal offering you have not desired but my ears you have opened burnt offerings and sin offering you
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have not required it has changed the ears are changed to body when we see it quoted in Hebrews chapter 10 verse 5
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therefore when he comes into the world he says sacrifice and offering you have not desired but a body you prepared for
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me inho burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin you have taken no pleasure that's Hebrews 10 5 through 6 so have
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you noticed the change in the Old Testament it says you're my ears you have opened in the New Testament it says
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a body you prepared for me the claim of the Jewish rabbis is that Christianity has distorted the message of Judaism
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this is another episode in our series where we are discussing is Christianity the Mormonism of Judaism and just like
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Mormonism distorts the teachings of Christianity when it distorts the gospel and says that we have to do a bunch of
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works and temple rituals in order to be forgiven and to receive salvation from God so Judaism claims that Christianity
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has distorted the core message of Judaism by teaching that we need a sacrifice for sin and that that
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sacrifice is paid for by Christ so today we're going to be talking about the concept of vicarious atonement what is
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vicarious atonement vicarious atonement is the belief that somebody innocent could take the place of somebody who is
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guilty so in other words if I wanted to have my sins forgiven in the Christian concept
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vicarious atonement we had we come to Jesus we confess our sins and Jesus forgives our sin because he paid the
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price for our sin as an innocent lamb of God he paid the sacrificial price for our sin on the cross so that we could be
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forgiven and go free that's the concept of vicarious atonement that somebody innocent takes the place of somebody
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guilty and that is the concept that is taught in Hebrews chapter 10 where it quotes these passages of the Old
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Testaments particularly Psalm 40 verse 6 about the blood of bulls and of goats it's impossible to take away sin and it
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says sacrifice and offering you have not desired where Psalms 40 verse 6 is my ears you have opened to do God's will
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the passage in Hebrews says but a body you prepared for me so we're discussing this concept did the Hebrews writer miss
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translate or misquote that passage in Psalms when he wrote a body you prepared for me was that miss quoted in Hebrews
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and was it a mistranslation in the Greek Septuagint Greek translation of this Old Testament because the Septuagint reads
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exactly the same way we're going to discuss that today but to begin our discussion of this topic I feel it's
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very important that we understand the jury system of sacrifices and understand how sins were forgiven under the Old
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Covenant the old law what could be covered by a sacrifice and what could not be covered by a sacrifice let's
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listen in as the rabbi we have been featuring in a lumber of our videos let's listen as he describes the
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different types of sacrificial offerings in the Old Covenant found in the Old Testament so what is a guilt offering
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how is it different than a sin offering and why would it be so valuable here in this passage the answer is simple again
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a sin offering Leviticus 4 is for sins committed unintentionally accidentally recklessly people make mistakes with
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creatures their habit and we're not thinking properly and therefore we make mistakes but they're
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not not intentional what is a guilt or friend listen up guys I won't tell you all this so if you read
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through Leviticus five you'll notice that that what we what comes into view is a person a whole series of sins where
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he may have sinned intentionally or or unintentionally it makes no difference the Torah says that what happened is
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such a person comes and he decides his he decides to confess decides to confess and stand before the court and say I
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sinned I stole it he he's not caught he got away with it but he confesses it so what
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is the Torah say Torah says this is a very special case because the person had confessor sin although initially it
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might have been intentional there's a whole different ones but let's just take the worst scenario it was completely
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intentional because although the initial action was completely it was intentional deliberate with with with the intent of
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of robbing or it was sinning but at some stage this person confesses their sin and they didn't need to they got away
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with it so Hashem considers is such a great act such a great act but now that it's only a guilt and they could bring a
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sacrifice for it which means the the the the weight of the sin retroactive Lee has been lifted
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because what happens if you steal and you and you get caught we can go to Exodus for that if you get caught if you
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steal and don't confess but you actually get caught you have to pay twice double in a case of a large rental you may have
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to pay four or five hundred there's no sacrifice for you sacrifices don't work if you get caught sacrifice had only
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done whatever we say for the weakest from sin in this case is a very interesting orientation here here we
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have a sin where it began as a full bones but the act of confession of repentance
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and remorse has now weakened the force of the sin now that you are making your soul in Assam offering a guilt offering
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you can bring a carbon I shall make a guilt sacrifice okay we just saw the video from this rabbi explaining the two
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types of sacrifices that were offered in the temple for sins some chapter 40 verse 6 in the Christian Bible or some
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40 verse 7 in the Jewish Bible it reads in the Christian Bible sacrifice a meal offering you have not desired my ears
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you have opened burnt offering instant offering you have not required now the context so David wrote this particular
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song about Safra sacrifice and offering not being required is in the context of his experience with Nathan the Prophet
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confronting him about his sin with Bathsheba if you remember in second Samuel Chapter 12 we read about how
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Nathan came to David and told him a story about a man who had only one sheep and that sheep was so precious to him
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that he would sleep with that sheep and he would he would take such great pleasure in the Sheep and then the rich
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man he did he had plenty of sheep but instead of sacrificing one of his sheep for his guests he took the poor man's
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sheep now this really resonated with David when he thought about this man having one sheep and the only sheep he
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had and David was a shepherd you might remember that and so when Nathan told him this story David became irate and he
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says well that man who took that only sheep that rich man he took the only sheep of that poor man he deserves to
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die it says in 2nd samuel chapter 12 verse 5 then David's anger burned greatly against that man and he said to
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Nathan as the Lord lives surely the man who has done this deserves to die now if you remember
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Nathan came to David to confront him about his sin with Bathsheba bathsheba if you remember was the wife of Uriah
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who was a valiant soldier in David's army and when Uriah was out fighting the battles for David David saw Bathsheba
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bathing on the rooftop and decided he wanted to have her over for the night and she sent a message a few weeks later
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telling David hey I'm pregnant so what did David do he had committed adultery with Uriah's wife now David had plenty
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of wives had plenty of concubines and there was no reason he needed to sleep with Uriah's one and only wife so Nathan
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told the story about the Sheep to remind to to help David see the connection of what he has done to Uriah so to cover up
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his sin with Uriah's wife his sin of adultery David then tried to get Uriah to come home from battle and to sleep
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with his wife so that this child that was going to be born would be seen by the everyone around as oh well that's
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your ayahs child but it didn't work your Raya refused to to be at home with his wife and to spend the night with her
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he stayed on the doorstep of his house because he's like why should I have pleasure with my wife when when the
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battle was raging and and my brother's out there in the in the war are fighting so he refused to sleep with his wife so
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now David is caught with a problem he's trying to cover up his adultery which by the way under the Old Testament law a
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person who commits adultery would be punished by death if he's convicted it reads in the Leviticus chapter 20 verse
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10 if there is a man who commits adultery with another man's wife one who commits adultery with his friend
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wife the adulterer and the adulteress shall surely be put to death so according to the Jewish Levitical law
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david had committed a punishment worthy of death by taking Uriah's wife and sleeping with her by committing adultery
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with her and if you look back also at Ezekiel 18 we read in verse 4 behold all souls are mine the soul who sins will
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die verse 5 but if a man is righteous and practices justice and righteousness and does not eat at the mountain shrines
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or lift up his eyes to idols ok don't commit idolatry of the house of Israel or defile his neighbor's wife and then
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he has a bunch of other sins he must not do okay that's in verse 6 let me go down to verse 9 if he walks in my statues in
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my ordinances and deals faithfully he is righteous and shall surely live declares the Lord God but what did David do he
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did one of these sins of his ETO 18 he defiled his neighbor's wife so it says you know all souls who sin are worth he
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of death but they'll be able to live if they don't commit one of these sins in this list of Ezekiel 18 David committed
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adultery he was worthy of death if he was found guilty under a court of law so what did David do David tried to hide
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his sin and to hide his sin he had Uriah the Hittite killed in battle Araya was killed so that he could then marry
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bathsheba take him as another wife in his palace and then when she would have the baby people would not know about his
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adultery and they would think oh well this is just the child that David had because of you know marrying this
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widowed wife of Uriah so David was not caught was he he he thought he got away for this he thought nobody knew about it
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and so instead of coming forward with his guilt and his sin before God he tried to conceal it with yet another sin
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which according to the Jewish law if you kill somebody you you yourself this adultery is worthy of death but if you
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shed man's blood you should die that's another law we read that in Genesis chapter 9 verse 6 whoever sheds man's
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blood by man his blood shall be shed for in the image of God he made man so David was under double condemnation of death
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with not just his acts with Uriah's wife of adultery he was under the condemnation of death because he
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murdered Uriah you can imagine this was very displeasing in God's eyes and so when we
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get here to 2nd samuel chapter 12 when Nathan comes to David and tells him the story about this man who had one only
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sheep David became angry is that all that man deserves to die now what's the rule in the Levitical law if you stole
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something from someone you would pay double that's what the rabbi just explained so if David was you know just
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for stealing okay this man who took the other man's sheep David's anger being such that all that man shall die I mean
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he took it to a higher level than even the court of the land the lid of a Levitical law would have had him take it
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he would have said no you have to restore double so give that poor man two sheep to replace the Sheep he lost I
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mean that would have been the live a vehicle law requirement for him but instead David in anger said no that man
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deserves his I that man deserves to die who had done this okay let me get down to verse six of second Samuel Chapter
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twelve he must May restitution for the lamb for full because he did this thing and had no
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compassion okay so that was that was David's response of course it was just a story but in David's eyes no it was a
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real situation then Nathan said to David you are the man that says the Lord God of Israel it is I who anointed you king
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over Israel and his I who delivered you from the hand of Saul okay so this is the background what David is confronted
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by Nathan and this is the background that provides the situation the story here in Psalm 40 where we read sacrifice
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a meal offering you have not desired my ears you have opened David was confronted by Nathan the Prophet and he
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had not brought a sacrifice a guilt offering under the Levitical law under the Old Testament law was a was David
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able to bring a guilt offering at this point to be able to pay for his sin he was caught he had been caught by Nathan
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the prophet who confronted him it was just like in a court of law he was now standing before the judge of
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all the earth God himself with Nathan the prosecuting attorney bringing this to his attention and what was David
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going to do could a guilt offering provide the payment for his sin not according to the Levitical law under the
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Levitical law there was no provision for a guilt offering to be able to cover the sins of someone who had committed the
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level of wickedness that David and Bathsheba had committed in their adultery and that David had committed in
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his murder of Uriah there was no guilt sacrifice there was no provision for forgiveness under the Levitical law so
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this is why David said in Psalm 51 16 for you do not delight in sacrifice otherwise I would give it you are not
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pleased with burnt offering there was literally no way that David could have been forgiven with the Levitical law if
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he could have brought any type of guilt offering he still would have been held liable for the consequences of murder
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which prescribed death so he had no option under the Old Covenant this was the extent of the Old Covenant
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it had its limitation and David had reached those limitations and had found no way through the Levitical system to
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be forgiven so this is the context of Psalm 40 verse 6 where we read sacrifice and meal offering you have not desired
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my ears you have opened burnt offering and sin offering you have not required because there was no way for those sin
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offerings or which were up for unintentional sins or those Gill offerings those burnt offerings could
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not cover for the seriousness of Davidson and that is why David could not be forgiven under the Levitical law so
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that is the context of Psalm 40 verse 6 now let's listen as the rabbi talks about this situation and spins the story
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of David with Bathsheba and the story of Nathan the prophet confronting him to try to say that Oh sacrifice is not
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accepted so therefore the Christian concept of Jesus being a vicarious atonement being a substitutionary
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sacrifice in our place he claims it's not valid he's spinning the story here in 2nd Samuel 12 I want you to see what
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this rabbi says and how he twists the story to try to teach the Jewish position that they hold to today that
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sacrifice for sin is not necessary for intentional sin and so by doing that they have discounted the rest of the
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passage and second Samuel so let's look at this video and then we're gonna come back to
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second Samuel covered was an amazing person not because he was perfect but David said two words in Hebrew hot hace
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la Shem I have sinned before the Lord so what he said no but not however he confessed his sin on the spot Nathan was
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a prophet of our Shem and he saw the heart of David and he knew that Dave was truly was contrite and David really had
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repented of what he had done and he said to David how could I the Almighty has already forgiven you okay as you can
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imagine this was an epic event in David's life it affected him deeply and it affected his relationship with Hashem
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and his understanding of sinan atonement and as you could see around you many people under the apprehension that it
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requires all kinds of blood sacrifices and Sydnor fingers oh and this is what it told to me that means the general
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conduit to expiate iniquity his blood blood sacrifices in and that's what it's home this is a very very big mistake now
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it's beyond the scope but why are the blood sacrifices they really for unintentional sins but this is not what
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God is looking for so sound 47 in a Jewish Bible Psalm 40 verse 6 in a Christian Bible and King David as he
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would say many many times dove 'add a blessed memory said Zeva whom in her life her fats the sacrifices
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and offerings you meaning God did not desire Oz nyan curry silly however my ears you have opened for me are you know
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the Hutus lie shelter burnt offerings and sin offerings you have not requested he did not want reads Jeremiah 7 verse
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21 20 20 to 30 when when you were not a vegetarian commander sacrifices the point is everyone all the
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profits scream this you got it wrong dude emphasis has been totally misplaced now if you're faithful and godly so then
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there is a sacrifice of righteousness but this is all totally miss famous place amusing the rituals will save you
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a live eSATA burnt offerings and sin offerings like Alto you didn't ask for it that's what I mean no you're probably
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saying to yourself this is a disaster for the church this is one passage that the church probably does not want you to
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study very carefully one because in churches all they teach about from the minute you walk into the menu walkout is
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in a the blood and you need a sacrifice and where is the shed blood and Jesus says you shed blood and he died for your
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sins and without the shedding of blood all this are not enough didn't as it turns out this passage in Psalm 40 verse
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6 is quoted in the Christian Bible Hebrews 10 5 there's a cross reference back to Psalm 40 verse 7 and he'll then
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say well let's say our Hebrews halted why in the world with the author of Hebrews they become such a passage that
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seems to discredit all of Christian theology so if you open up Hebrews chapter 10 verse 5 the passage reads the
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following therefore when Christ came he came into the world and he said sacrifices and offerings you did not
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desire but a body you have prepared for me with burnt offerings and sin offerings you did not want to you were
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not pleased I'm not kidding the text says sacrifice in the Christian Bible in Hebrews 10 5 sacrifices in order he
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didn't want and somehow Jesus said this but a body a body you prepared to me now I hope you're paying attention because
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you go body like hold on go back here to the my Christian Bible and the other side doesn't say buddy it
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says my ears that means the author of the book of Hebrews changed the Jewish Scriptures
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King David said sacrifice and offerings in desire but my ears you up and mean to hear your word burnt offerings and sin
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offerings you never required he never requested and wanted Hebrews are worth of the believers do he put it the word
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body said it is had he changed the word of us Jim what does it say that now I would a provide also a context of why
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Hebrews did this though although Hebrews changed the text what it says in song and put it in the Book of Psalms and
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instead put in a a whirling sounds very question a body have a sacrifice and now it really works Cristo logically it
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sounds great sacrifices offer you didn't want meaning that you didn't award the animal sacrificial system and the point
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at Hebrews here and in Hebrews actually can swing it back to chapter 7 a knowing tell all of it's about as Jesus is
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replacing the priesthood in fact the animal sacrificial system never really intrinsically worked so why would we
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have it all together what was the purpose of it so the basic theme of Hebrews is and everything you find in
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the Old Testament in the Jewish Scriptures this is really a foreshadowing of Christ
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well you just saw what the rabbi had to say about this passage being quoted in Hebrews chapter 10 he essentially is
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saying that not only does he believe Hebrews misquote Psalms 40 verse 6 but then he says it's miss applied in other
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words he teaches that the Christian concept of vicarious atonement where Christ the innocent takes the place of
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the guilty he says that that is a misapplication that that is not the understanding of the Old Testament but
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let's look at this passage again in Psalms 40 let's look at the passage that formed the basis of David's
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understanding of atonement for sin let's look back at 2nd Samuel chapter 12 and I want to pick up where we left off
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remember the rabbi he jumped down to verse 13 in the passage where Nathan David said to Nathan I have sinned
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against the Lord and Nathan said to David the Lord has taken away your sin you shall not die and he stopped there
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he did not read the rest of the passage nor did he read the verses in front of that verse that gives us a context by
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which Nathan was able to say to David you will not die keep in mind what we just learned about the different kinds
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of atonement in the Old Testament the only way that a sin guilt offering could be offered as if the person comes
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forward and confesses prior to the court case being discovered and exposed so if he waits till after the court how he
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comes before the court knee he hasn't had a guilt offering brought he then has to pay the full price of the law the
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full extent of the law for the sin that he has committed so we just studied that and we stopped right at the point here
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in 2nd samuel chapter 12 and we were reading this incident with david and bathsheba
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we stopped at the point where nathan is confronting him and let's pick up at verse
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nine where it says where Nathan says to David why have you displeased the Lord by doing evil in his sight you have
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struck down Uriah the Hittite with a sword and have taken his wife to be your wife and have killed him with the sword
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of the sons of Amon ok so Nathan's confronting him in and then verse 10 he says now therefore here's the
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consequence now therefore the sword shall never depart from your house because you have despised me and have
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taken the wife of Uriah the Hittite to be your wife ok so what has David done he took the wife of Uriah he essentially
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stole from your riot and therefore the consequence of stealing God says the sword will never depart from David's
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house that meant that David was going to lose some of his family members to the sword just like he delivered Uriah to
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the sword of the Ammon now David is going to experience the same kind of judgment in his household where his
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family is going to experience death by the sword now let's go on verse 11 the judgment continues from God verse 11
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Nathan says thus says the Lord behold I will raise up evil against you from your own household I will even take your
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wives before your eyes and give them to your companion and he will lie with your wives in broad daylight
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verse 11 so so what did he just say so David took the wife of Uriah now what is God going to do God is going to take it
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says I will even take your wives plural before your eyes so here's the here's again the judgment that we see laid out
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in the Old Testament if you steal something you have to pay double that's what this rabbi that we've been watching
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has explained and what is David going to do he's going to lose his wives several of his wives
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stealing Uriah the Hittite wife now we continue on verse 12 indeed you did it secretly but I will do
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this thing before all Israel under the Sun and verse 13 then David said to Nathan that now we come to that verse
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where David repents okay then David said to Nathan I have sinned against the Lord and Nathan said to
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David the Lord also has taken away your sin you shall not die now this is the first that's quoted by the rabbi and
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based on this verse the rabbi says okay Psalm 40 verse 6 says God doesn't require sacrifices because David
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understood all he had to do was repent and he was forgiven but he didn't read the rest of the passage okay he didn't
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read the verses preceding this verse that showed that David still had to suffer the consequences of his action he
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didn't read the verses proceeding to this verse 13 where david has his sin taken away by the lord he doesn't read
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the verses preceding that that said well the consequences are the sword will not depart from your house you're gonna lose
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several of your family members because what David had done was worthy of death so now he's going to be losing family
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members to the very sword that he delivered Uriah to and he's going to have to pay double for the thief the
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stealing of Uriah's wife because he's gonna lose several of his cut his companions his very wives are going to
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be giving away to his companion and so then now we come to this verse 13 where David says I've sinned and Nathan says
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the Lord has taken away your sin however verse 14 this is the part he didn't read verse 14 however because by this deed
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you have given occasion to the enemies of the Lord to blaspheme the child also that is born to you will surely die did
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you catch that because of this deed okay however okay the Lord's forgiven you you're not going to die how
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ever because of this D that child also that is born to you shall surely die did you catch that what did the rabbi tell
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you about this passage in the Old Testament he said well all David did was repent and God forgave him but it wasn't
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without a cost this innocent child had to die restitution still had to be made in
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order for the process of reconciliation to take place David still had to suffer the consequences of his actions a life
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for life still had to be given David had taken a man's life and the consequences resulted in not only several family
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members dying but the death of his innocent child life for life retribution has to take place in order for full
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reconciliation there has to be a writing of the wrongs committed and so that's why this innocent child had to die now
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you might be asking the question how can a righteous God require the death of an innocent child on account of someone
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else who had committed the sin I mean why would God why the death of a child when it was the father who sinned well
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let's go back to some examples here in the Old Testament we see examples where sin of a father affects the life of
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those around him if Flex's directly affects his family and the life of those around him an example of this would be
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akin in Joshua chapter 7 when the Israelites were going into the land to possess it and they came up against the
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city of AI and they were going to fight ai and 36 men died fell before AI and ezreal was like what happened why isn't
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God with us and it was revealed to them that there was sin in the camp so through the process of seeking
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the Lord they found out that akin had taken something under the ban that he was not supposed to take something God
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commanded him not to take at the last city that they had come up against because akin had taken something under
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the ban Israel had suffer the loss of that battle that initial battle against AI with 36 men dying so you see the sin
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of akin directly affected his brothers in Israel with several people dying because of his sin of of taking
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something that God told him told Israel not to take and then we read the consequences of that action it says in
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verse 24 then Joshua and all Israel with him took a kin the son of Zahra the silver the mantle the bar of gold his
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sons his daughters his oxen his donkeys his sheep his tent and all that belonged to him and they brought them up to the
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valley of a car and you read on it says that God commanded them to to be stoned and then after they were stoned they
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were burned everything that belonged to akin was burnt and then they raised a big heap of stones that served as a
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monument to the day of this writing here in Joshua so God required the death of not just the father who had done the sin
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but his sons his daughters even his oxen his donkeys and we not only in that example do we see the innocent being
00:36:31
taken along with the guilty when it's directly related to a you know a family that had sinned or Israel suffering
00:36:42
those consequences because it was there was sin in the camp through akin but we also see when God commanded Israel to go
00:36:50
into the land of the Canaanites he often told them to not spare anyone not even the babies it says here in force and a
00:36:58
15-3 now go and strike emilich and utterly destroy all that he had and do not spare him but put to death
00:37:08
both man and woman child and infant ox and sheep camel and donkey so again here we see the seriousness of sin is so
00:37:18
great that when God brings judgment it often transpires on to the people around the individual that had committed
00:37:27
that sin and so this is what we see even to this day when God brings judgment on a nation both the righteous and the
00:37:35
wicked suffer with that judgment but God is just to do this why because not even infants are without the stain of sin
00:37:47
david says in psalm 51 where he writes about his incident this this incident of how he discovered the forgiveness of God
00:37:59
he says in Psalms 51 behold I was brought forth in iniquity and in sin my mother conceived me that's at verse 5 so
00:38:10
even in the very conception children bear the consequence of having us in nature and so that is why even infants
00:38:21
are guilty of having that sin nature even though they haven't committed a sin yet in their life they have that sin
00:38:31
nature and therefore God is just to require even the the death of infants and children and babies when he's
00:38:39
bringing judgment against a family because of the sin of the Father or the sin of of the nation in the case of
00:38:48
Emelec we have to remember that God sees much more than we do and it's easy to look at in incidents like this and go
00:38:58
well how could God be just too to require this of innocent children and we have to remember that for us we still
00:39:07
see this life but for God he sees the next life and the next life is eternal and David had this hope that even though
00:39:15
his innocent child his infant child died because of his sin yet he said he may not come to me but I can go
00:39:25
to see him he had this hope of Resurrection he had this hope that once when he would die he
00:39:33
would go to see the child that the child would be safe at the Lord in his justice and in His mercy would save the soul of
00:39:42
that child and so David believed in the forgiveness of God and in the atonement that he offered for sin because God said
00:39:52
in verse 13 I have taken away your iniquity and saying that he had taken away David's iniquity he was showing
00:40:02
that that God himself was going to pay the price and therefore God was going to be the one that would carry that
00:40:10
iniquity away from the David and that is the basis by which God was able to forgive so David had the hope of seeing
00:40:18
his child again in the resurrection and that is the hope that we all have in Christ that even when we sin even as
00:40:28
Christians we believe Jesus died for our sins and paid the price so that we could be forgiven of God but even then we
00:40:36
still suffer the consequences of our sins and our actions and those consequences can be severe at times but
00:40:45
it is the necessary process that God has designed both in the Old Covenant and in the New Covenant to bring about
00:40:52
reconciliation and this is why Jesus says in Matthew 5 if you have something against your brother leave your gift at
00:41:03
the altar first be reconciled to your brother then you can come and offer your gift and that is again the idea that we
00:41:11
see here in 2nd Samuel that God was requiring payment and and the payment that was ultimately paid for in Christ
00:41:20
so that David could be forgiven he still had to suffer the immediate consequences the immediate retribution that had to be
00:41:29
done in order for reconcile to take place and in this case it costs the death of his innocent child but it
00:41:38
wasn't the end because David knew that someday he would see his son again now before you turn to our text here in
00:41:48
Psalm 40 verse 6 I need to say something about vicarious atonement because the rabbi in several of his videos he tries
00:41:58
to liken the Christian concept of vicarious atonement to pagan sacrifices where in the pagan cultures they would
00:42:07
offer innocent infants or virgins on their altar of sacrifice and they would think that in some way those innocent
00:42:18
offerings would somehow atone for their sin and the rabbi likes to draw parallels to that concept in the pagan
00:42:26
culture and say Christianity just borrowed that concept when it came up with the idea of the Lamb of God Yeshua
00:42:34
Jesus being our Messiah being the innocent Lamb who takes the sins away the sins of the world he tries to say
00:42:43
that that concept is a concept right out of paganism and nothing could be farther from the truth
00:42:49
there is absolutely no parallel between the pagan sacrifice of infants and the Christian concept of Yeshua our Messiah
00:43:02
Jesus Christ the Son of God taking the sins of the world on himself why for the simple reason that in the Old Testament
00:43:11
the very passage that we're looking at here for Psalm 40 it comes from the second samuel passage 2nd samuel 12 and
00:43:20
we read in verse 13 when god forgave david what did he say then David said to Nathan I have sinned against the Lord
00:43:30
and Nathan said to David the Lord also has taken away your sin you shall not die did you see that did you see that in
00:43:39
this verse the Lord has taken away your sin the reason the pagans ideas of killing
00:43:50
innocent victims for the wicked people is not at all parallel with Christianity is because God himself takes on flesh in
00:44:00
the person of Jesus Christ to take away the sins of the world it's God who is taking those sins away just as he said
00:44:08
to David the Lord has taken away your sin and you know what that that phraseology that the Lord used about
00:44:17
taking away his sin was the idea that we see right out of the Old Covenant Old Testament idea of the scapegoat because
00:44:28
in the Old Testament we read here in the Levitical law in chapter 16 when they were offering sacrifices for sin there
00:44:38
would be two goats one goat would become the sacrifice one goat would pay for those sins of the people through its
00:44:47
death and the second go would become what they called the scapegoat and what they would do is they would lay their
00:44:55
hands on these goats and this the the goat that would pay for the sin and die there would be another goat that second
00:45:02
goat would then be sent out into the wilderness to illustrate the removing of the sin from the people to the goat into
00:45:12
the wilderness to take away those sins from the people that was the Old Testament picture in the Old Covenant in
00:45:21
the law of sacrifices that God used to show how the sins were removed from the people through these these two goats the
00:45:30
one that would pay for the sin and the other goat that would go into the wilderness as a scapegoat to remove
00:45:37
those sins now it was just a picture it didn't literally happen they couldn't possibly take away the sins through the
00:45:44
goats because as Hebrews brings out in this in this very chapter of Hebrews chapter 10 those sins still remain there
00:45:53
is still consciousness of sins the people even though they sacrifice countless number of animals those
00:45:59
animals could never fully take away sin but when the Lord takes away sin by taking those sins upon himself as he
00:46:08
says here in 2nd Samuel the Lord also has taken away your sins those sins that we have committed were transferred to
00:46:19
the body of Jesus and he paid for those sins and in that sense he became our sin offering and our scapegoat he took those
00:46:29
sins away and that's how God could say to David picturing what Jesus was going to do what the Messiah was going to do
00:46:37
when he came the Lord Himself would take away those sins and so here we see a stark contrast between the pagan concept
00:46:49
of what the rabbi would call vicarious atonement in the pagan culture it was really just a perversion of sacrifices
00:46:58
of innocent people which could never take away sin people cannot as it says in in Psalm 49 verse 7 it says no man
00:47:10
can by any means redeem his brother or give to God a ransom for him so that pagans culture of taken innocent life
00:47:18
for the guilty is not it all remotely similar to the Christian view of God himself in the person of Jesus Christ
00:47:27
taken on the sins of the world this is the the Bible is very clear Psalm 49 7 that a man a human that is you know not
00:47:37
God himself it just a mere human could not pay the price for sin because humans are born in sin as we just saw in Psalms
00:47:45
51 verse 5 David said and sin were conceived so our sin nature prevents us from being
00:47:53
able to be a perfect sacrifice that is needed to take away sin so even innocent babies are not perfect
00:48:01
because they have a sin nature the pagan concept of sacrificing infants is a perversion of the Christian view the
00:48:09
Christian view is that God himself it takes someone who is beyond they just the standard human he
00:48:17
had to be you know superhuman if you will he had to be God and man in order to take away the sins of the world he
00:48:25
could not be just a human who obviously born in sin because Jesus was not born in sin he was born from the seed of God
00:48:33
and the woman so he was born without a sin nature and that is how Yeshua our Messiah could become the sin offering
00:48:43
and take upon the sins of the world and we see this also in the very passage that we're studying Psalms 40 verse 6 it
00:48:53
says sacrifice a meal offering you have not desired that word for desired another word or another translation of
00:49:01
it is is pleased you are not pleased with these sacrifices but we come over here to Isaiah and we read in Isaiah 53
00:49:11
a sacrifice that God is pleased with that God has desired and it says here in Isaiah 53 verse 10 reading the Jewish
00:49:23
Bible and the Lord wished to crush him to crush this servant the Lord wished that word wished is the very word that
00:49:32
is used in Psalms 44 6 for you have not desired these sacrifices it says here in verse 10 of Isaiah 53 it was the Lord's
00:49:43
wish to crush him that word desired is the very same word here where it says you have not desired
00:49:52
here it says God does desire to crush him or the Lord's wished to crush him if the Lord was pleased to crush him so
00:50:03
this is an interesting parallel because in the very passage that the rabba is trying to use against the Christian view
00:50:11
a vicarious atonement in which Christ takes on the sins of the world and and becomes a sin-offering being the
00:50:21
innocent lamb of God because he comes out of God is indeed the son of God here we see that this is a sacrifice
00:50:32
that God is pleased with herein in verse 10 of Isaiah 53 when he's not pleased with the sacrifices of Psalm 40 verse 6
00:50:43
where they're just animal sacrifices that cannot take away sin and let's read on in verse 10 of Isaiah 53 it says and
00:50:51
the Lord wished to crush him he made him ill if his soul makes itself restitution again I'm reading the Jewish Bible and
00:50:59
says if his soul makes itself restitution another word for that is a Shem that the Hebrew word is if his soul
00:51:08
makes a guilt offering is how most Christian translations read so making itself restitution another word for that
00:51:17
is guilt offering it's it's the idea of the very sacrifice being made by this servant that becomes the guilt offering
00:51:27
for sin in other words this is how God is able to say to David in second Samuel Chapter twelve thirteen the Lord has
00:51:38
taken away your iniquity this is how the Lord is able to take away iniquity and how he's able to become if you will the
00:51:46
scapegoat because well the son of God pays for the sin the Lord is able to take those sins away carry those sins
00:51:55
away from David and from all of us who have put our faith in Jesus Christ and it's with that context as a background
00:52:04
that the writer of Hebrews in Hebrews chapter 10 looks back at psalm 40 verse 6 and says sacrifice a meal offering you
00:52:14
have not desired but a body you prepared for me and what is this phrase in psalms 40 verse 6 my ears you have opened or my
00:52:24
ears you have dug out the translators of the Septuagint when they read this passage in Psalms 40 verse 6 my ears you
00:52:34
have dug out they thought of your piercing what happened when a slave under the Old
00:52:43
Covenant if he desired to remain with his master we read over here in Exodus chapter 21 in Exodus chapter 21 if first
00:53:01
beginning of verse 2 if you by a Hebrew slave he shall serve for six years but on the seventh he shall go free he shall
00:53:11
go out as a free man without payment ok so you can only have a slave for seven years unless there was a provision verse
00:53:20
five but if the slave plainly says I love my master my wife and my children I will not go out as a free man you get
00:53:30
down to verse six of Exodus chapter 21 it says then his masters shall bring him to God then he shall bring him to the
00:53:38
door or the doorpost and his master shall pierce his ear with an awl and he shall serve Him permanently so what is
00:53:51
this passage in the Exodus chapter 21 communicating to us about a slave who has his ears dug out or pierced it was a
00:54:02
person who said to his master I love you so much I'm going to give you my all my whole life is yours my body is yours
00:54:13
he had his ears pierced so that he would never go free he would stay a servant of his master for the rest of his life and
00:54:21
I suggest to you that that's the concept that is being portrayed here in Psalms 40 verse 6 where we read in the Old
00:54:30
Testament my ears you have dug out or my ears you have opened essentially the translators of the Septuagint Greek
00:54:40
translation of the Old Testament when they got to this verse and saw my ears you have dug out literally my ears you
00:54:48
have open literally my ears if you have dug out they saw ears piercing as a picture of a servant
00:54:55
who has devoted his whole body to the master as a as a servant for life so therefore when they got to this
00:55:04
passage instead of saying my ears you have dug out they said a body you have prepared for me to carry the idea of
00:55:14
that Old Testament passage in Exodus 21 where a servant could have his ears pierced to indicate a whole body
00:55:24
sacrifice of service for his whole life and that is what David was essentially doing when he said sacrifice a meal
00:55:32
offering you have not desired Here I am here's here's my ears have you opened my ears have you dug out my ears have you
00:55:41
Piersol that I myself if you will and now your servant for the rest of my life okay that's the idea that David is
00:55:50
communicating here in Psalms 40 verse 6 that the translators of the Septuagint understood when they set a body instead
00:55:57
of ears they translated the ears you have dug out as a body you've prepared for me and we get this quoted in Hebrews
00:56:06
chapter 10 beginning at verse 4 for it is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins verse 5
00:56:15
therefore when he comes into the world speaking of Christ he says and this is where Hebrew says this is where like
00:56:22
Christ like Christ may have quoted this that they're saying Christ basically said the sacrifice and offering you have
00:56:29
not desired but a body you have prepared for me verse 6 in whole burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin you have taken no
00:56:39
pleasure verse 7 then I said Behold I have come in the scroll of the book it is written of me to do your Will O God
00:56:48
so there you go this is the context of Hebrews chapter 10 quoting Psalm 40 and applying it to Jesus Christ and saying
00:57:00
just like David who offered his body as a sacrifice to God so Jesus Christ the future son of David
00:57:08
the the the future son who would become a king and who would die for the nation of Israel that future son would then
00:57:16
become the sacrifice the sacrificial payment and he would then become that guilt offering who would take away since
00:57:26
and we read over here in Isaiah chapter 53 and I'm gonna read this from the Jewish Bible at chabad.org beginning at
00:57:35
verse 10 it says and the Lord wished to cross him and he made him ill if his soul makes itself restitution now the
00:57:42
idea of his soul makes itself restitution this is the idea of a guilt offering if he makes his soul an
00:57:50
offering for sin that's how the Christian Bibles read if he his soul makes itself restitution it says he
00:57:57
shall see children he shall prolong his days and God's purpose shall prophesy prosper in his hands so Jesus was
00:58:03
resurrected to life because he made his soul as sin offering and when he resurrected he then became the father of
00:58:13
many children sons of God adopt two children spiritual children then verse 11 of Isaiah 53 from the toil of his
00:58:20
soul he would see he would be satisfied with his not my servant would vindicate the just for the many the righteous for
00:58:31
the many he was righteous and he paid the price for many and it says and their iniquities he would bear that's verse 11
00:58:38
Jewish Bible and then verse 12 therefore I will allot him a portion in public and with the strong he shall share plunder
00:58:46
because he poured out his soul to death he poured out his soul to death Jesus the Messiah our Messiah Yeshua
00:58:57
HaMashiach he poured out his soul to death and with transgressors he was counted and he bore the sin of many okay
00:59:08
because he became a guilt offering verse 10 that's a guilt offering so in verse 12 he bore the sins of many and
00:59:15
interceded for the transgressors Jesus became the intercessor because he bore our sins and that is the concept that is
00:59:25
portrayed here in these passages here in Isaiah 53 in Psalm 40 verse 6 we read that the story behind that second samuel
00:59:33
chapter 12 David saw an immediate picture the very son of God would die as Isaiah
00:59:43
53 prophesied so that he would then would pay the penalty he would come his body would be prepared to pay the
00:59:52
penalty the price for sin and that is the picture we seen in in the Old Testament that Hebrews picks up on in
01:00:00
chapter 10 ties these passages together to show us why our sins could not be paid for by a regular sin offering
01:00:08
but Jesus the Messiah became that guilt offering for us that if we confess our sins as it says in first John 1:9 if we
01:00:16
confess our sins before the judgment before we die after is point unto men Hebrews 9:27 once to die and after that
01:00:24
the judgment so if you wait till you die till after you die to light you're at the judgment seat you're gonna have to
01:00:30
pay pay the eternal penalty for your sins but if you come beforehand first John 1:9
01:00:36
if you confess your sins then the guilt offering of Christ done in your place can then be applied to your account and
01:00:45
that's the beautiful picture of vicarious atonement we see in the Old Testament foretold and pictured in the
01:00:52
story of David in in then brought forth here in Hebrews chapter 10 speaking of how the Messiah fulfilled that and the
01:01:02
Messiah as prophesied in Isaiah 53 bore the sins of many he made his sole restitution in other words he made his
01:01:09
soul a guilt offering and then has become our intercessor he intercedes for us before God so that we now can go
01:01:19
before the judgment seat of God after we die and face forgiveness of sins can be granted to us we don't have to face the
01:01:27
eternal penalty because Christ took our place Christ was the substitutionary penalty for in our place as a guilt
01:01:36
offering if we pray and receive him as our Savior and Lord so I hope you enjoy this video that helps you understand I
01:01:46
hope it helps you understand these concepts clearer Hebrews did not quote Psalm 40 verse six when it changed
01:01:56
a year's dugout for a body prepared for service that's the idea that was being kicked carried in psalm 40 verse 6 that
01:02:03
the Septuagint translators understood when they translated it a body you've prepared for me quoted in Hebrews
01:02:10
chapter 10 verse 5 [Music] [Music]
01:03:53
[Music] you [Music]

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