Does Matthew misquote Isaiah 7:14; 9:1-2; 11:1; Hosea 11:1 and Jeremiah 31:15 to provide false prophetic support for Jesus being the Messiah? What is Midrash? Do the prophecies cited in the New Testament have a Dual Fulfillment in both the Old and the New Testament?
Jewish rabbis today who reject the Christian view that Jesus is the Messiah contend that the vast majority of the New Testament references to the Old Testament Jewish Bible are misapplied. While it is true that many of these prophecies were already partially fulfilled during the events of the Old Testament, Matthew and other New Testament writers saw aspects within these historical events that had their ultimate fulfillment within the life of ministry of Yeshua Jesus.
Scholars refer to these prophecies as “dual fulfillment” prophecies or “typologies” in which a prophecy or an event within the Old Testament provides a “type” or pattern to picture an event in the New Testament. In this case, New Testament writers and early Christians practiced what scholars today call “Midrashing” the text. In this video we examine several examples of Matthew and other New Testament midrashic references to the Old Testament and compare these examples to Jewish Talmudic midrash to demonstrate that New Testament writers did not misquote or misapply the text of the Old Testament when drawing parallels to the life and ministry of the Messiah Yeshua Jesus.
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